Analysis of oral injuries caused by the bad use of prosthesis - a literature review

International Journal of Development Research

Article ID: 
5 pages
Research Article

Analysis of oral injuries caused by the bad use of prosthesis - a literature review

Dimas Novais de Araujo Júnior, Jefferson David Melo de Matos, Ítalo Kennedy Silva Santos, Antonio Jackson Andrade Gonzaga de Oliveira, Lucas Villaça Zogheib, Daniel Sartorelli de Castro and John Eversong Lucena de Vasconcelos


Introduction: Despite all the advances already made in public oral health policies, Brazil still has a large number of individuals with partial or total edentulism, accompanied by the need for large-scale dental prostheses. And they have several pathologies that are closely related to poorly used prostheses. Aim: The objective of this study is to identify and analyze, according to the literature, the main oral lesions caused by the poor use of prostheses. Methodology: This study used the main electronic databases for bibliographic cataloging of PUBMED (, SCIELO (, BVS (, 1979 to 2017. We selected 31 articles that fit the following inclusion criteria: research papers, case reports and systematic reviews, as well as literature that were developed in the human species and therefore excluded articles that did not address oral lesions caused by maladaptive prostheses. Results: Teeth are not only important in aesthetic and chewing functions. They are also extremely essential, contributing to the maintenance of good general and oral health. In this way, care not due to the oral cavity results in numerous oral pathologies. Conclusion: It is concluded that the main lesions found due to the use of iatrogenic or inadequate oral prostheses are: traumatic ulcer, frictional, candidal keratosis, fibrous inflammatory hyperplasia and pyogenic granuloma; Such lesions are more prevalent when there is insufficient oral hygiene.

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