Assessing personality characteristics of individuals with mental retardation

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Author: 
Dr. Shashi Malik
Abstract: 

This paper highlights personality characteristics of mentally retarded children projected on Rorschach Ink Blot Test. Projective techniques are characterized by a global approach to the appraisal of personality, give composite picture of whole personality and measure latent and unconscious aspects of the personality. In the present study, the researcher has employed the Random purposive sampling technique. There were 45 boys and 35 girls in the sample. Raven’s Coloured Progressive Matrices Test developed by J.C. Raven (1962), Draw-a-man test developed by F.L. Goodenough (1932). Observation schedule for mentally challenged children (selfconstructed), Teachers Interview schedule (self-constructed), Parents Interview schedule (selfconstructed) and Rorschach Ink Blot Test developed by H. Rorschach (1921) were used for exploring the personality characterisics of mentally challenged children. It was found that they are at borderline between neurotic and psychotic personality organization. They are Stimulus – determined and extroversive in nature, weak in perceptual ability, undifferentiated Intelligence and poor imagination power, poor self-concept, poor stability, weak in tightening with realities resulting inadequate control, ruled by immediate needs for gratification rather than by long-range goals, ill developed ego, deprived of awareness of affectional anxiety, unable to control their behaviour and want immediate satisfaction facing much frustration, emotionally weak and feel need for approval and affection, stereotyped view of the world and narrow range of interests.

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   Vol. 07, Issue 03, March 2017

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