Characterization of Jamun genotypes in central and submontaneous Zone of Punjab

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Author: 
Shamsher Singh and Amarjeet Kaur
Abstract: 

Jamun (Syzygium cumini Skeels.) is an under exploited indigenous fruit tree of India.The variations act as an important source and are a prerequisite for a tree breeder in breeding methods to improve a species. To collect the variability with the aim of selecting some superior types/strains a survey was carried out in Amritsar, Gurdaspur and Pathankot Districts, in which 25 seedlings of jamun were evaluated for their physical characteristics and biochemical composition during 2015-2016 respectively. The data revealed that the maximum tree height (24.38m) and canopy volume(3897.56 m3) was measured in GD-19 genotype Maximum fruit length(3.58 cm),breadth (2.75 cm) and fruit weight (14.88 g) was registered in GD-6 genotype. Among bio-chemical characters it was estimated that maximum total sugars ( 21.34 %) was recorded in PS-1 genotype and reducing sugars (14.64 %) was recorded in AJWR-14 genotype.

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