Characterization of left ventricle in hypertensive patients: echocardiography study

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Author: 
Mohamed Yousef, Bushra Hussein Ahmed, Emad Eldein Fadlelgezoli, Elsafi Ahmed Abdalla, Asma Ibrahim Mohammed and Caroline Edward Ayad
Abstract: 

The Objective of this study is to characterize the echocardiographic features of the left ventricular among hypertensive Sudanese patients. 50 consecutive patients attending at Khartoum state Hospitals- Sudan and referred for echocardiogram. 20 (40%) were females 30(60%) were males. Their mean age was 52±13.5 years, which varied from 23-86 years .All Subjects underwent M-mode and 2D echocardiogram study. The left ventricle was assessed .The inter-ventricular septum thickness, left ventricular internal dimensions at end-diastole and end-systole, left posterior wall thickness and ejection fraction were evaluated .Measurements were described by mean and standard deviation .Data entry and analysis were done using the SPSS windows version 16. Results showed that the left ventricular diastolic dimensions were lower than those indicated by the international literature and accepted as normal limits. There is significant relationship between ejection fraction and left ventricle internal dimensions at p value˂0.05. The results of this study strongly indicate the need for a larger scale study to further establish ethnic-specific and gender-specific echocardiographic characteristics for the hypertensive patients. New equations were established to predict the ejection fraction for hypertensive patients whom left ventricle internal dimensions are known.

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