Background: Pleural effusion is one of the commonly seen respiratory conditions in India with approximately 1 million people being diagnosed each year. Since there was no literature regarding the effectiveness of incentive spirometryand stacked breathing in Unilateral Pleural effusion there was a need to find out as to which approach are the best ones to implement.
Objective: To compare the efficacy of chest mobility exercises and incentive spirometry with that of chest mobility exercises and stacked breathing on chest expansion in subjects with unilateral pleural effusion.
Methodology: 30 subjects with unilateral pleural effusion were selected by convenience sampling and randomly assigned into two groups (15 subjects each). Group A received Chest mobility exercises and Incentive spirometry and Group B received Chest mobility exercises and Stacked breathing. Both groups were instructed to perform the intervention 3 times per day, 7-8 times per session for one week. Chest expansion was measured by Thoracic flow cytometry before and after one week of intervention.
Results: In group A the LZ chest expansion increased from 1.58 to 1.77 which was statistically significant (p value < 0.0001). In group B the LZ chest expansion increased from 1.86 to 2.07 which was statistically significant (p value< 0.0001). However when comparing between groups, mean increase in LZ chest expansion was 1.77 in group A and in group B it was 2.07 which was not statistically significant (p value < 0.191).
Conclusion: It was concluded from the results that both Chest mobility exercises with Incentive spirometry and Chest mobility exercises with Stacked breathing are equally effective in improving the chest expansion in subjects with Unilateral Pleural effusion.
Prof. Dr. Bilal BİLGİN