Disturbance fields in maxillo-facial area as a reason for idiopathic urticaria and angioedema

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Author: 
Maria Dencheva, Maya Ljapina, Dimitar Iovchev, Stella Hristova, Elena Petkova, 2Denislava Nedeva, Anna Valerieva, Angelina Kisselova and Vasil Dimitrov
Abstract: 

In search of other causes of idiopathic angioedema and urticaria we investigated the possible consequences of the disturbance fields in MFA in two patient groups: group 1 - patients with angioedema (n = 11) and group 2 - patients with urticaria and angioedema (n = 39), in total 50 people. We found that compared with the control group (n = 60 healthy patients) there is a statistically significant difference between higher values of DMFT index and presence of active foci in MFA. Angioedema is more typical for patients of a higher mean age (56,5 ± 10,59). Oral hygiene habits and conducting preventive dental examinations of patients with urticaria and angioedema are comparable to those of control patients. The most common dental materials used for fillings in all three groups are light curing and self adhesive composite materials. The patients’ contact with angioedema with methacrylic plastics shows a statistically significant difference being larger in comparison with other two groups. Most patients in both groups associate the occurrence of urticaria and angioedema with conducted endodontic treatment (33%) and after tooth obturation (24%), for which no statistically significant relationship was found.

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