The evaluation of toxic effects of poly (Vinylferrocenium)-supported palladium NPS (pd/pvf+) on APIS Mellifera (Honey bee)

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Author: 
Yeşim Dağlıoğlu, Şükrü önalan, Mutlu sönmez çelebi Dilek kabakçı, and Gökhan akdeniz
Abstract: 

The nanotechnology industry has made a rapid progress by introducing unusual properties to the substances at nano scales. When we look at LC50 values, since prolonged to 96 h than 48 h exposure time, toxic effect quantities of PVF+, Pd/PVF+ and K2PdCl4 suggest that the necessary amount to show the same toxic effect had diminished and its toxic effect increased quite a great deal in time. At the multiple comparison analysis; executed study the same concentration for PVF+, Pd/PVF+ and K2PdCl4, were found significant differences at the level P<0.05 and 0.01 between difference time groups and concentration. The test results of the differences in the mortality rates between different concentration and time groups of PVF+, Pd/PVF+ and K2PdCl4, which made the most difference in all the concentration and time groups were the 1 mg/L concentration and 96 h.

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