Indigenous fruits business and conservation of edible indigenous fruit trees in Songea District, Tanzania

  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home4/vibu/public_html/journalijdr.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 906.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_argument::init() should be compatible with views_handler::init(&$view, $options) in /home4/vibu/public_html/journalijdr.com/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc on line 744.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home4/vibu/public_html/journalijdr.com/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 607.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /home4/vibu/public_html/journalijdr.com/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 607.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_boolean_operator::value_validate() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::value_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home4/vibu/public_html/journalijdr.com/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_boolean_operator.inc on line 159.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home4/vibu/public_html/journalijdr.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 906.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home4/vibu/public_html/journalijdr.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 906.
Author: 
Dr. Michael J. Haule
Abstract: 

Indigenous fruits (IFs) areamong the best nutritional food materials in the world. Such fruits, available in Tanzania, include Uapaca kirkiana (Masuku), Parinari curatelifolia (Mbula), Strychnos cocculoides (Madonga), Tamarindus indica (Ukwaju) and many others. Despite their role in ensuring rural livelihood and enhancement of household income, Indigenous fruit trees (IFTs) are at the risk of vanishing due to anthropogenic factors that culminate into deforestation. The paper investigates whether the actors in IFs sector, i.e. those dealing with collecting, consuming, processing and selling are actually engaged in ensuring sustainability of IFs availability in the area. In case they do or they do not; then explaining why. The theory is that of “let the beneficiaries conserve resources for their own survival and development”. A qualitative approach was adopted whereby data were collected through in-depth interviews and key informant interviews using Interview guides. Five(5) localities were selected for the study in which 5respondents attended in-depth interviews and remaining 3 attended key informant interviews. Selection of respondents was purposeful so as to obtain maximum variation of responses. Probe questions were asked for detailed information. The data were processed into themes coded and similar information was linked for interpretation and analysis. The paper observes lack of IFs actors’ engagement in conservation activities; caused by the lack of awareness on the need to conserve IFTs, coupled with absence of any planned mechanisms for forest conservation. The IFs actors appreciated the role of IFs in terms of improving livelihoods and household incomes while conversely conceding that nothing was done to conserve the natural forest in general, IFTs in particular. The number of IFs and quantities of IFs produced in a year declined tremendously causing concerns on their future availability. Nobody was thinking of reversing the trend as all the IFs were considered to be just “a gift of nature.”Lack of awareness and absence of programmes to educate local people on the need to conserve, and more important how to conserve limited potential efforts was vividly observed. The paper proposes on concerted efforts for in situ conservation of IFs. Domestication and propagation of IFs are complex forestry management procedures and may take much longer time for the people of the area characterized by low levels of education and affected by poverty to be adopted.

Download PDF: 

CHIEF EDITOR

  

           Prof. Dr. Bilal BİLGİN

Call for Papers - 2017

    submit your paper now

   Vol. 07, Issue 03, March 2017

CURRENT ISSUE

 

Article Tracking

IMPACT FACTOR 2016

          4.753

Get your Certificate

Copyright © 2016 International Journal Development Research. All Rights Reserved.