Magnesium based surgical implants: a new modality for osseointegration- A review of current research

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Author: 
Kumar, V., Thapliyal G.K. and Dausage, P.
Abstract: 

Over the past few years there has been a considerable increase in interest in the potential of magnesium alloys to be used as surgical implants. This is due to the fact that magnesium implants can be used both, as a scaffolding to allow new bone formation and also as fixative devices, to hold the reduced fractured segments till bone healing takes place. Magnesium is biocompatible and has a modulus of elasticity closer to bone, thus desired over other materials presently being used. Another major advantage of using magnesium as a surgical implant is in its ability to biodegrade in situ and prevents the need for second surgery for removal. Here we present a review of current research into magnesium based surgical implants.

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