Predicting the risk factors of hypoglycemia in type ii diabetic subjects

International Journal of Development Research

Article ID: 
6 pages
Research Article

Predicting the risk factors of hypoglycemia in type ii diabetic subjects

Dr. Sarmistha Sarkar and Dr. Ajay Meshram


Introduction: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a group of metabolic diseases which if not controlled can cause serious complications. Aim: To predict the risk factors of hypoglycemia in type II diabetic subjects. Methodology: Fasting blood glucose (FBG), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL), very low density lipoprotein (VLDL), triglyceride (TG), serum urea, creatinine and microalbuminuria levels were evaluated. Total sample size was 60, which was divided into 30 study group with type II DM having hypoglycemia (blood glucose level <70 mg/dl) who attended the Medicine OPD of AVBRH Hospital and 30 age, sex matched healthy controls included in the study. Results: Results of serum lipid profile showed higher mean of TC, TG and LDL in patients with diabetes (p<0.0001). Serum urea and creatinine levels were higher in cases as compared to the controls (p<0.0001). Urinary Microalbumin level was 70.71±5.57 which was higher in the cases as compared to controls (p<0.0001). HbA1c has significant negative correlation with HDL and Creatinine (p<0.01). Conclusion: Early detection of lipid and kidney profile abnormalities can minimize the risk for development of cardiovascular and renal complications in the hypoglycemic type II diabetic patients.

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