Re-visiting educational tradition among the mappilas of malabar

International Journal of Development Research

Article ID: 
3 pages
Research Article

Re-visiting educational tradition among the mappilas of malabar

Ampotti, A.K.


The educational activities of the early Muslims of Malabar centred on religion. Mosques served as main centres of education. In course of time primary classes were conducted in othupallis adjacent to the mosques and advanced classes called Dars inside the mosques. In the beginning the curricula of the Dars were broad, providing for both secular and religious education. Later its curricula became limited to theological aspects, depriving it of its spirit and soul. This led the religious leaders of the community to bring about educational reforms. The Madrassah movement, the reform movement came to be called, saw the introduction of modern subjects like astronomy, geography, natural science, mathematics, logic, Quranic exegesis, hadith, jurisprudence, grammar and rhetoric. In order to teach these subjects, teaching tools like globes, maps, atlasses, charts, models and the latest dictionaries were used. During the British rule, special permission was granted for religious instruction in schools but it was prohibited by law soon after India achieved independence. This prompted the leaders of the community to float their own institutions which resulted in the proliferation of madrassahs which succeeded in providing an ideological stimuli to the Muslim community. With the onset of western secular education, they came in for service criticism from within the Muslim community. The formation of the state of Kerala gave a huge boost to the Arabic education. The key role played by the modern madrassah for the educational renaissance of Malabar Muslims cannot be over- emphasised.

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