This study aimed to critically describe the value of "Local Democracy" in the Leadership and Governance System of the Sultanate of Buton with application to community development. This research used a qualitative approach in the context of the study of community centered onethnographical, historical, and comparative methods(Steward, 1950; Peribadi, et.,al. 2015). All of them were used eclectically, but were given more priority to the aspect of ethnographical method. The results showed that in addition to means of the Wolio as traditional institutions of the empire, it also reflects both portraits of Local Democracy that have been practiced in the area of government of the Sultanate of Buton in the past. It was shown concretely into social status symbols that look different to people outside the Sultanate area. Buton Sultanate has a social value that is unique, because it shows the behavior of people who feel very embarrassed if they did not achieve their goals and feel very guilty if they do not succeed in making people more prosperous. Therefore, when elected as officials in any government agencies, they strive to uphold the mandate given, so that deviant behavior in the form of Collusion, Corruption and Nepotism can be avoided. However, SaranaWolio in the view of the latest generation of Butonese, begins to be problematic, but it is still seen as the glue that reflects a unique political culture identity.
Prof. Dr. Bilal BİLGİN