Background: In the United States, Type-2 Diabetes has now become the most common public health problem among Hispanics. Understanding risk factors for and barriers to control Type-2 Diabetes may lead to strategies that prevent and manage the disease. Purpose: To describe risk factors for and barriers to control Type- 2 Diabetes among Hispanics.
Methods: Databases, including PubMed, MEDLINE, and Google Scholar were used for conducting this review. The literature search yielded 80 articles, of which 65 articles were included in this review after excluding non-relevant articles.
Results: The review revealed that obesity, physical inactivity, low socioeconomic status, smoking, and acculturation are the major risk factors for Type-2 Diabetes among Hispanics. Further, barriers including, fatalism, susto, herbal remedies, lack of access to healthcare services, and language hamper Hispanics from controlling Type-2 Diabetes.
Conclusion: Studies are needed to understand the complexity of successfully managing Type-2 Diabetes among diverse subgroups of Hispanic populations.
Prof. Dr. Bilal BİLGİN